neurosciencenews:

Human Neocortical Neurons Have Unique Membrane Properties That Enhance Signal Processing

The human brain’s advanced cognitive capabilities are often attributed to our recently evolved neocortex. Comparison of human and rodent brains shows that the human cortex is thicker, contains more white matter, has larger neurons, and its abundant pyramidal cells (formerly called “psychic” neurons) have more synaptic connections per cell as compared to rodents.

The research is in eLife. (full open access)

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